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Tuesday, 19 July 2022

10 Interesting and Unknown Facts about Sardar Sarovar Dam

 10 Interesting and Unknown Facts about the Sardar Sarovar Dam

Sardar Sarovar Dam foundation stone was laid by then PM Jawaharlal Nehru on the 5 April, 1961. It took almost 56 years to complete the construction. Four Indian States namely Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan receive the water and electricity supplied from the dam

10 Interesting and Unknown facts about the Sardar Sarovar Dam

1. On the 17 September, 2017, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Sardar Sarovar Dam. The India's first Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the brainchild behind the construction of the Sardar Sarovar Dam across the river Narmada.

2. However, in the planning stage of itself, the project ran into a dispute regarding the distribution of the waters among the states. The Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal was represented in the 1969 to overcome the complication. After studying the plans about a decade the court decided on a system of the water distribution that would award the Madhya Pradesh by 65%, Gujarat around the 32 % and remaining to the Maharashtra and Rajasthan.

3. Sardar Sarovar Dam is 1.2 kilometres long and the height of the dam was increased to 138.68 metres in 2017. This is the third highest concrete dam in India.

4. Around 800,000 hectares of the land in Gujarat and approximately 2,46,000 hectares of the land in Rajasthan are irrigated by the water of the dam. It is said that it provides the drinking water to 131 towns and cities and around 9,633 villages in the four states.

5. The depth of the Sardar Sarovar Dam is about 163 metres and two power generation units are installed in it. Together, they have about 1,450 MW capacities to generate the power.

6. According to the terms of the project, Maharashtra is the one to get around 57 percent of the electricity produced; Madhya Pradesh will get around 27 percent and Gujarat will get around 16 percent.

7. The construction cost of the dam is double than the Rs. 16,000 crore. The weight of the each gate of the dam is approximately 450 tonnes and it takes almost an hour to close.

8. The level of water in the submergence area of the dam in the Barwani and Dhar districts of the Madhya Pradesh is rising steadily. According to the Narmada Bachao Andolan group, around 40,000 families in 192 villages in Madhya Pradesh would be dispatched when the reservoir will be filled to its optimum capacity.

9. According to the World Bank, the project was started with the very little assessment of the resettlement and the rehabilitation and the environmental impact.

10. The benefits of the project is that unused water from Narmada river could be used for serving many dry towns, villages and the districts of Gujarat. The project provides the electricity to the unserved regions and also to the farmers. It also provides the water for the irrigation and for the drinking purpose. It provides the flood protection to the area of about 30,000 hectares. The Wildlife sanctuaries will also be benefited.

So, these are the interesting and unknown facts about the Sardar Sarovar Dam.

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